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學校恐懼癥

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2018-02-26 14:48China Daily Editor: Yao Lan ECNS App Download

學校恐懼癥

school phobia

After the end of a semester and before the next, there are a good number of children with "school refusal disorder," Dr Zhang Yiwen of Shanghai Children's Medical Center told The Paper.

上海兒童醫學中心的章依文醫師對澎湃新聞表示,在上一個學期結束、下一個學期開始之前,有很多孩子都有"拒絕上學癥".

"學校恐懼癥"(school phobia),也稱為"拒絕上學癥"(school refusal disorder),指一些兒童和青少年對學校產生恐懼和厭惡心理,不愿回到學校,表現出來的癥狀有:頭疼(headache)、惡心(nausea)、胃疼(stomachache)等.

兒童(children)和青少年(teenagers)是開學恐懼癥的多發人群.據統計,13.8%的兒童情緒障礙(mental disorder)為學校恐懼癥.國內有研究發現,學校恐懼癥中女孩比男孩略多見,男女比為3:4.

學校恐懼癥多發于幾個年齡段.5-7歲為第一高峰期.這一階段可能與分離焦慮(separation anxiety)相關;11-12歲為第二高峰期,可能與學習壓力(school pressure)逐漸加重,難以適應環境,以及與老師、同學間的人際沖突(interpersonal conflicts)有關;14-15歲為第三個高峰期,這可能與學生進入青春期身心發展不平衡(unbalanced physical and mental development)、自我意識沖突等因素有關.

另外,畢業班的學生面臨升學的關鍵學期,沉重的學習任務以及自身和家長的過高期望(overexpectation)、渴望成功但又擔心失敗的心理(the mentality of longing for success while worrying about failure)都讓孩子們深感壓力巨大.

 

 

  

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三肖中了赔多少钱